What does HTML stand for and do? - Explanation & basic structure

In this tutorial, We learn about what does html do, its explanation, features, basic structure of html and html tags and its definition.

HTML Explanation

HTML stand for - HTML stand for HyperText Markup Language. It is developed by Tim Berners-Lee in 1900, Tim Berners-Lee invented WWW(World Wide Web). He also created the first Website. It is a text-based approach to describing the HTML file structured and uses a browser to interpret how to display the text, images and other forms of multimedia(audio and video, etc.) on WWW. 

Everything that you see on the web is documents written in a special language called one version of html or another and interpret by web browsers like Netscape or Internet explorer or chrome etc. Web browser knows how to display text as images, links and other supported media on the screen. It provides a basic structure of the web pages and for changes in its appearance, we use cascading style sheets or CSS. CSS is like a skin of structure that provides user-friendly and attractive to a user. 

Features of HTML

  1. It is a markup language.
  2. It is platform-independent.
  3. Hypertext can be added to text.
  4. It is easy to learn and easy to use.
  5. Images, video and audio can be added to a web page.

Different versions of HTML

In the early days of the world wide web, marking up text-based documents using HTML. So, there have been many versions are


version of html

List of some common use Elements and html tags

It provides many layout commands, called 'tags' that control the presentation of information on the pages. For example, there are various types of tags for "image", "heading", "lines", "paragraph", "table", and so on.The main structure of page makes use of <head>, <title> and <body> tags. Tags and Elements is an individual component of the webpage.


  1. <html> Element define whole document and all other elements are contain in this.
  2. <head> Element contains processing information and meta information about the document.
  3. <title> Element doesnot contain other element only text and specifies a title for the document.
  4. <body> Element defines display document.
  5. <h1> Element defines Heading.
  6. <p> The element defines Paragraph.

html tags
HTML Tags

In the above tag example, Elements are written with start tag or with attributes and closed with a forward slash end tag, content written in between. Each tag contained within less than and greater than brackets. The Opening tags can contain Attribute name-Attribute value pairs known as attributes.

Basic structure of html

Here I shared a basic structure of html and a description of each section.
The below box contains a key section to the basic structure of html code.
The first line contains the opening tag lets the browser know that it is reading code form here. The head tag contains all meta-information about the page such as title, location of CSS. The heading tag contains heading and the paragraph tag contains a paragraph of your heading.

basic structure of html
HTML Basic Structure

How to make a website using html codes in notepad pdf

As we know it is a markup language, it can be created in the text editor like NotepadNotepad++, etc. and It used .htm or .html file extension to save this file. 
Once the file is created and save it can be viewed locally on desktop using browser or upload to a webserver to be viewed by a browser.
Browsers like Google Chrome, Internet Explorer, Firefox, Edge, and Safari is used to display our written documents:


html basic page
My First Page

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